The STATE OF KASHMIR on October 25, 1947 existed as an independent sovereign nation. India occupied it through manipulations and intrigues involving Maharaja Patiala initially and then slowly roping in Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir and Sheikh Abdullah, a popular leader of Kashmir. Both were hoodwinked with false promises and dream of secular India that proved to be a mirage. Hari Singh wanted Kashmir to remain independent. The growing Indian clandestine political activity sent alarm bells to the newly created independent nation of Pakistan. Very little could be done by Pakistan´s shocked Governor-General M A Jinnah whose army Chief General Douglas Gracy preferred to act on the orders received from Governor General of India Lord Mountbatten. An act in desperation by a Kashmiri Major Khurshid Anwar and Major Akbar under pseudonym General Tariq to stop India´s occupation plan lacked initial support from Pakistan army which if provided, would have put Kashmir in Pakistan´s lap lock, stock and barrel. Later Pakistan having no option had to intervene and Pakistan army stopped Indian army´s military advance any further at URI that came to be known as CEASEFIRE LINE.
Thus India put all its eggs in one basket; exiled Maharaja to rot in Bombay and expended Abdullah in different jails of India to die a political death. The purport accession based by India on the loyalties extended by Maharaja and Abdullah smashed to smithereens exposed India's blatant lies. India, due to frustration, is now toying with the idea of creating regionalism, communalism and division among people, hoping to complicate the issue further.
Well,’ Mountbatten said, ‘it is up to you, but I think you should consider it very carefully since after all 90% of your people are Moslem. But, if you don’t, then you must join India. In that case, I will see that an infantry division is sent up here to preserve the integrity of your boundaries.’
´No,´ replied the Maharaja, ´I don’t wish to join India either. I wish to be independent.´
"You just can’t be independent. You’re a land-locked country. You are over-sized and under-populated. What I mind most though is that your attitude is bound to lead to strife between India and Pakistan. You’re going to have two rival countries at daggers drawn for your neighbours. You’ll be the cause of a tug-of-war between them. You will end up being a battlefield. That’s what will happen. You will lose your throne and your life, too, if you’re not careful."
So history proved Maharaja to be on the right and his tough stance for staying independent would have changed the course of history saving thousands of innocent lives. Unfortunately the die was cast to lay the foundation for more than a billion people to nurse a festering wound for decades.
Mountbatten of Burma would have never imagined that the world in 21st century will see 48 landlocked countries surviving on the world map enjoying independence, sovereignty and freedom. The countries from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe inhabit a meagre 6.9% of the world´s total population.
An historical speech made by Jawaharlal Nehru, an offer and a solemn pledge that India is coming in to help having no intention of staying back and will leave instead, after the invasion of tribal warriors from NWFP is dealt with. "man tu shudam, tu man shudi" did not seem to work for Sheikh as perhaps Nehru did not understand the language and chose to ignore it. Nehru's cleverness paid huge dividends by associating himself with 'secular' upcoming leader of Kashmiris than with Maharaja Hari Singh whose days ,he thought were numbered and who had opposed Nehru right from the start, advocating an independent Kashmir.
[Alastair Lamb 'Incomplete Partition' p.91]
V M Tarkunde, a prominant layer, civil rights activist, a humanist referred to as Father of Civil Liberties Movement, a dinguished Judge feeling pain of Kashmir said "A grant of plebiscite to the people of Kashmir Valley is the obvious solution. If, as a third alternative Kashmir becomes an Independent Democratic and Secular State, its territorial integrity should be guaranteed by India, Pakistan and the UN. That would end the hostility between India and Pakistan and Kashmir will acquire the Status of the Switzerland of Asia. A Humanist cannot wish for anything better".
A philanthropist, an upright humanitarian activist Arundhati Roy understands the difference between right & wrong. Her impressions about Kashmir´s political situation is like Hitler being instrumental for India to get its freedom and Kashmir achieving the cherished goal with interference and help from PM Modi and his lieutenants doing the job comfortably. Ms Roy calls spade a spade expressing truth about the ground reality in Kashmir and a daredevil refusing to be cowed down by drill masters guided by fascism. Avijit Ghosh of Times of India reports that author Arundhati Roy while on a tour of Kashmir said that people there have made themselves abundantly clear that Kashmiris need no one to represent them. Ms Roy concluded by saying "India needs azadi (independence)from Kashmir as much as Kashmir needs azadi from India".
Over one million trigger happy armed men in uniform, who do not understand the language, culture, religion, ethos and behaviour, pounce on local population with vengeance and a mindset to eliminate the populace to occupy this rich paradise belonging to the poor inhabitants. It is amazing to find the "GOOD PEOPLE" of the world turning a blind eye to these atrocities committed with impunity. UN can see what happens in Syria, Lybia or Iran but when it comes to Kashmir they look the other way and one wonders why?
More than one hundred thousand men, women and children killed in the last twenty seven years. An independent Kashmir can be a bridge and instrumental between two hostile nuclear nations. Censorship imposed in "Indian democracy" conveniently and with suitability worsens the situations. Indian army makes sure to confine populace behind closed doors as millions on the roads create an embarrassing situation and international community is inclined to ask few questions. Continue to read .......
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- 500 have been detained under (Public Safety Act)
- 30 schools have been set ablaze in last five months
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KASHMIR's COMPOSITE CULTURE CHANGES ANITA KAUL's HEART