The STATE OF KASHMIR on October 25, 1947 existed as an independent sovereign nation. India occupied it through manipulations and intrigues involving Maharaja Patiala initially and then slowly roping in Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir and Sheikh Abdullah, a popular leader of Kashmir. Both were hoodwinked with false promises and dream of secular India that proved to be a mirage. Hari Singh wanted Kashmir to remain independent. The growing Indian clandestine political activity sent alarm bells to the newly created independent nation of Pakistan. Very little could be done by Pakistan´s shocked Governor-General M A Jinnah whose army Chief General Douglas Gracy preferred to act on the orders received from Governor General of India Lord Mountbatten. An act in desperation by a Kashmiri Major Khurshid Anwar and Major Akbar under pseudonym General Tariq to stop India´s occupation plan lacked initial support from Pakistan army which if provided, would have put Kashmir in Pakistan's lap lock, stock and barrel. Later Pakistan having no option had to intervene and Pakistan army stopped Indian army´s military advance any further at URI that came to be known as "CEASEFIRE LINE".

Maharaja Hari Singh succeeded his uncle Maharaja Pratap Singh, and ascended the throne on October 14, 1925. He manoeuvred to maintain his independence by playing India and Pakistan by signing stand still agreements with both the countries. Firmly in control after occupation, using Hari Singh to the hilt internationally, India terminated and dispensed with Hari Singh's rule in 1951, externed him to Bombay for rest of his life to die their on April 26, 1961.

Thus India put all its eggs in one basket; exiled Maharaja to rot in Bombay and expended Abdullah in different jails of India to die a political death. The purport accession based by India on the loyalties extended by Maharaja and Abdullah smashed to smithereens exposed India's blatant lies. India, due to frustration, is now toying with the idea of creating regionalism, communalism and division among people, hoping to complicate the issue further.

´I don‘t want to accede to Pakistan on any account,’ Hari Singh answered.

Well,’ Mountbatten said, ‘it is up to you, but I think you should consider it very carefully since after all 90% of your people are Moslem. But, if you don’t, then you must join India. In that case, I will see that an infantry division is sent up here to preserve the integrity of your boundaries.’

´No,´ replied the Maharaja, ´I don’t wish to join India either. I wish to be independent.´

"You just can’t be independent. You’re a land-locked country. You are over-sized and under-populated. What I mind most though is that your attitude is bound to lead to strife between India and Pakistan. You’re going to have two rival countries at daggers drawn for your neighbours. You’ll be the cause of a tug-of-war between them. You will end up being a battlefield. That’s what will happen. You will lose your throne and your life, too, if you’re not careful."
So history proved Maharaja to be on the right and his tough stance for staying independent would have changed the course of history saving thousands of innocent lives. Unfortunately the die was cast to lay the foundation for more than a billion people to nurse a festering wound for decades.


Mountbatten of Burma would have never imagined that the world in 21st century will see 48 landlocked countries surviving on the world map enjoying independence, sovereignty and freedom. The countries from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe inhabit a meagre 6.9% of the world´s total population.



An historical speech made by Jawaharlal Nehru, an offer and a solemn pledge that India is coming in to help having no intention of staying back and will leave instead, after the invasion of tribal warriors from NWFP is dealt with. "man tu shudam, tu man shudi" did not seem to work for Sheikh as perhaps Nehru did not understand the language and chose to ignore it. Nehru's cleverness paid huge dividends by associating himself with 'secular' upcoming leader of Kashmiris than with Maharaja Hari Singh whose days ,he thought were numbered and who had opposed Nehru right from the start, advocating an independent kashmir.


Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru  July 6, 1951
"People seem to forget that Kashmir is not a commodity for sale or to be bartered. It has an individual existence and its people must be the final arbiters of their future".
When, after the transfer of power, the Maharaja of Kashmir refrained from accession to either Dominion, his progress towards a viable independence was closely watched (and possibly encouraged) by these same Sikh rulers.

When he began to experience increasing difficulty in resisting the Azad Kashmir movement among his subjects, the Maharaja of Patiala lent him units of his own State Army. The evidence is strong that these Patiala troops entered the State of Kashmir some days before the combined Azad Kashmiri-Pathan operation along the Jhelum Valley of 21-22 October 1947 which marks the formal beginning of the great Kashmir crises.
[Alastair Lamb 'Incomplete Partition' p.91]


"A grant of plebiscite to the people of Kashmir Valley is the obvious solution. If, as a third alternative Kashmir becomes an Independent Democratic and Secular State, its territorial integrity should be guaranteed by India, Pakistan and the UN. That would end the hostility between India and Pakistan and Kashmir will acquire the Status of the Switzerland of Asia. A Humanist cannot wish for anything better".   (Justice Tarkunde, February 19, 1990)


A philanthropist, an upright humanitarian activist Arundhati Roy understands the difference between right & wrong. Her impressions about Kashmir´s political situation is like Hitler being instrumental for India to get its freedom and Kashmir achieving the cherished goal with interference and help from PM Modi and his lieutenants doing the job comfortably. Ms Roy calls spade a spade expressing truth about the ground reality in Kashmir and a daredevil refusing to be cowed down by drill masters guided by fascism. Avijit Ghosh of Times of India reports that author Arundhati Roy while on a tour of Kashmir said that people there have made themselves abundantly clear that Kashmiris need no one to represent them. Ms Roy concluded by saying "India needs azadi (independence)from Kashmir as much as Kashmir needs azadi from India".


In an interview with Amy Goodman & Juan Gonzalez discussing India's military involvement in Kashmir, the philanthropist, human right activist Arundhati Roy says "In the simplest possible terms, the struggle for self-determination in Kashmir began in 1947, at the time of India´s independence and the partition of India and Pakistan. And Kashmir, which used to be an independent kingdom, was more or less torn apart during partition, half occupied by Pakistan and the other half occupied by India. And it is a country with a, I mean, it´s a state with a predominantly Muslim population, but had a Hindu ruler, who was supposed to have acceded to India, though there was supposed to be a plebiscite after 1947, which never took place".


Over one million trigger happy armed men in uniform, who do not understand the language, culture, religion, ethos and behaviour, pounce on local population with vengeance and a mindset to eliminate the populace to occupy this rich paradise belonging to the poor inhabitants. It is amazing to find the "GOOD PEOPLE" of the world turning a blind eye to these atrocities committed with impunity. UN can see what happens in Syria, Lybia or Iran but when it comes to Kashmir they look the other way and one wonders why?


More than one hundred thousand men, women and children killed in the last twenty seven years. An independent Kashmir can be a bridge and instrumental between two hostile nuclear nations. Censorship imposed in "Indian democracy" conveniently and with suitability worsens the situations. Indian army makes sure to confine populace behind closed doors as millions on the roads create an embarrassing situation and international community is inclined to ask few questions. Continue to read .......

Raj Tarangni of Kalhana must be read through the prism of M A Stein who painstakingly writes about rights and wrongs of Pandit Kalhana. Sardar Patel very rightly told a journalist that "Kashmir is a slippery ground". Perhaps Patel was a visionary and his memories were fresh with the sufferings of enslaved Indian nation and the cost it paid for independence struggle. Pandit Nehru taken for a ride by the likes of Kauls, Damodhars, Peshins, Kotrus and Dhars was forced to put his heart out to keep on saying "People seem to forget that Kashmir is not a commodity for sale or to be bartered. It has an individual existence and its people must be the final arbiters of their future" and he also said, "If we did anything of the kind our government would not last many days and there would be no peace....it would lead to war with Pakistan because of public opinion here and of war-like elements coming in control of our policy."
The fact also remains that Kashmiri Pandits must return to their homes and live comfortably without any fear with their Muslim neighbors like they did in 1947 when whole of Indian sub-continent was burning and Dogra army assisted by drill masters of Master Ji were on a rampage killing more than two hundred thousand Muslims in cold blood.
Kashmir for Kashmiris: Modern Diplomacy, democratically


One morning of Dec-Jan 1990, notorious Indian CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force) knock at the door of Abdul Ahad Bhat of Batmaloo, Srinagar and demand the TV set to watch their favourite program "Ramayana". The lady of the house opens the door to find uniformed armed infantry men staring at her with the demand and the next minute she collapses and is rushed by her relations to the hospital to be declared dead. In Kashmir "incredible India" does such miracles on daily basis.


International Forum for Justice and Human Rights:
The number of gun pellet injury victims, especially youth, mounts to 877. Men women and children invalid for life.

  • 308 hit in the face by pellets
  • 73 have lost eyesight
  • 174 men and children lost arms
  • 100 have legs amputated
  • 222 received body injuries

Special Director General of Police, Coordination, Law and Order S. P Vaid shares information on incidents with Rising Kashmir Reporter Mir Liyaqat Ali.(December 18, 2016)
  • 5084 people have been arrested
  • 500 have been detained under (Public Safety Act)
  • 30 schools have been set ablaze in last five months
  • 250 to 275 militants operating in the Valley
TIMES OF INDIA (May 21, 2016)
Around 1.8 million of Kashmir´s population show significant amount of mental distress.

Moving forward with permanent solution for Kashmir: Rajnath Singh
We have come up with a permanent solution to the vexed Kashmir issue. The initiative has begun. We are moving forward India’s Home Minister Rajnath Singh said ... READ.......


Is Kashmir solution on the cards?
The feelers of Kashmir solution coming on the heels of US President Barrack Obama’s forthcoming visit to India a welcome sign is hugely optimistic as the volatile situation..... READ.......


Kashmir: India’s perceivable new approach
India´s spokesperson in the External Affairs Ministry, Syed Akbaruddin rejects outright intervention of third party to solve Kashmir Issue. This was in reply to Pakistan’s recent official statement that Kashmir.... READ.......


From Economics of Killings to Peace beyond Borders
The world renowned humanist, a justice campaigner, a South African of Indian origin, the founding Trustee of Fortune Forum Charity based in the United Kingdom Vijay Mehta authored the masterpiece titled Economics of killing...... READ.......


Indian Congress federal minister P. Chidambaram commenting on BJP government´s handling of Kashmir, in an interview on India TV stated "I think their (BJP) approach is wrong. We have ignored the grand bargain under which Kashmir ´acceeded to India´. I think we broke the faith, we broke promises and therefore we have paid a heavy price. We look at Kashmir as an issue of land, but it is a problem of people instead. Let the people of Kashmir frame their laws within the ambit of (their) constitution. We have to assure that we will respect identity, history, culture and religion."
"If India is to make Jammu & Kashmir love India, referendum is the only way. The Congress failed in the 50 years after Independence to win over the minds and hearts of the people of the Valley. The reconciliation process began with Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Sheikh Abdullah was put under house arrest for 11 years without trial for arguing for plebiscite. Elections were then rigged and a pliable leadership found to do Delhi´s bidding. The entire issue of popular consultation was forgotten. Article 370 remained in the Constitution but the state lost its autonomy as defined therein. The mantra became Kashmir is an integral part of India. The issue involves three parties — India, Pakistan and J&K (plus PoK?). The solution has to be sought in a two-pronged fashion — India and Pakistan and India and J&K. Each time someone falls victim to police or Army bullet, there is a funeral procession where young people shout ‘azadi’, which leads to more deaths. Former home minister as well as a member of the Cabinet in several governments, he is well aware of all the issues. There is a bold way out. That is to conduct a referendum where all the citizens of J&K have a vote, as would have happened if the maharaja had acceded in good time before the invasion from Pakistan".
The J&K relief commissioner says there are 38,119 families comprising 1.42 lakh persons registered as migrants. Another 21,684 Pandit families are registered outside the state, most of them in Delhi; that´s another 80,000 persons. The government also says 219 Kashmiri Pandits were killed since 1989; an NGO, the Kashmiri Pandit Sangharsh Samiti puts the figure not much higher at 399. It is no argument to say these numbers do not give the real picture, because by the same token you would then have to accept the claim that the government´s figures on killed or missing Kashmiri Muslims is vastly underestimated. Needless to say, 399 killed does not equate to genocide, another term used loosely by conservatives when describing the Kashmiri Hindu plight.
Ethnic cleansing was never a policy of Kashmiri Muslims. In fact, the separatist All Parties Hurriyat Conference is officially in favour of the return and rehabilitation of Pandits.
(Aditya Sinha, Editor-in-Chief, DNA)