Dust of the land embodying embers of Chinar, impossible not to retain the sacred flame.
The most powerful force in the world today is neither communism, nor capitalism, neither the H bomb nor the guided missiles. It is manīs eternal desire to be free and independent. President John F. Kennedy (1957)
Pandit Nehru, in the Lok Sabha (Parliament) on June 26 and August 7, 1952 said:
[FREEDOM AT MIDNIGHT]
(Reforms Commissioner to the Viceroy, the transfer of power in India
If my State is to be saved, immediate assistance must be available at Srinagar. Mr. V.P. Menon is fully aware of the gravity of the situation and will explain it to you, if further explanation is needed.
In haste and with kindest regards,
October 26, 1947
Reply from Lord Mountbatten to Maharaja Hari Singh
My dear Maharaja Sahib,
Mountbatten of Burma
October 27, 1947
CREDIBILITY OF "INCREDIBLE INDIA"
International Forum for Justice and Human Rights:
- 5084 people have been arrested
- 500 have been detained under (Public Safety Act)
- 30 schools have been set ablaze in last five months
- 250 to 275 militants operating in the Valley
NEHRU AND ABDULLAH
Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru were instrumental in playing with destiny of thousands of people killed in the last sixty five years. Winning the confidence of Sheikh, Nehru with the help of trusted Kashmiri Pandits managed to finish off Muslim Conference and replacing it with National Conference as an extension of Indian National Coingress. Nehru, privately and publicly would convince Sheikh for an independent nation of Kashmir and on international level build a basis for Kashmir to be annexed permanently with India. But the international community did not swallow the intrigue and kept the matter alive. The involvement of United Nations Security Council Resolutions became an eyesore and India in desperation flouted all international committments and refused to settle the issue as per the wish of the people of Kashmir.
MAMU (MATERNAL UNCLE) NEHRU AND EDWINA
Edwina Mountbatten, Pandit Nehru´s friendship cost Kashmiris very dearly, daughter Pamela referred to Nehru as 'Mamu'. 'Mamu' means a maternal uncle and an impression created is that Edwina had some sexual relationship with Nehru. Both the situations can cast aspersion on the character of Nehru. In Nehru's estimation, to reap the harvest of political benefits from Mountbatten, keeping Edwina, Mountabatten´s wife in good stead would be the step in right direction. Nehru focussed his attention spending maximum time serving Lady Edwina and using good relation with her to seek maximum benefits from Mountbatten. A very good move paying good dividends even to grab Kashmir comfortably.
Sri Prakash - India's first High Commissioner to Pakistan.
American historian Stanley Wolpert, in his book,Partition of India writes "when Jawarhar Lal Nehru was informed of what his high commissioner in Karachi had proposed, he expressed amazement. India's first high commissioner, Sri Prakash told Lord Mountbatten that for the sake of peace all around, the best thing India could do was to handover Kashmir to Pakistan. "In a sharp letter to Sri Prakash, Nehru wrote, I was amazed that you hinted at Kashmir being handed over to Pakistan....If we did anything of the kind our government would not last many days and there would be no peace....it would lead to war with Pakistan because of public opinion here and of war-like elements coming in control of our policy. We cannot and will not leave Kashmir to its fate....The fact is that Kashmir is of the most vital significance to India..here lies the rub...we have to see this through to the end...Kashmir is going to be a drain on our resources but it is going to be a greater drain on Pakistan." Wolpert further writes that if Nehru had accepted Gandhi's offer of mediating the Kashmir dispute between India and Pakistan, history would have taken a different course. "If Nehru had only listened to Gandhi, inviting him to arbitrate the Kashmir conflict with Jinnah, India and Pakistan might have been spared three wars and the tragic loss of countless lives, at least 50,000 of whom were Kashmiri. "According to Wolpert "Mountbatten's frenzied plans had blinded him (Nehru) to the wretched realities of partition's monstrous problems, the cause of so many deaths and sixty more years at least of fighting and hatred."
Sixty two years after Independence, Dhiraj Nayyar of Indian Express, in its July 01, 2008 issue writes " The curious hybrid that is Indian secularism India’s political parties cynically and repeatedly exploit religion as a means to garner votes. Second, while experience elsewhere in the world suggests that as countries become more prosperous they become less religious and more secular, in India it seems to be the opposite — the affluent tend to be more conservative especially on issues of religion and secularism. So the future of secularism in India hangs in the balance." Nehru's cleverness paid dividends and Indian army landed in Kashmir on October 27, 1947 after tribal invasion from Pakistan. Sheikh Abdullah was sworn in as the first Prime Minister of now Independent Kashmir on March 5, 1948 as he had struck an understanding with Nehru and believed Nehru to keep his promise. It is on record that Pandit Nehru even committed to the people of Kashmir, November 1948, when he delivered a speach in Lal chowk, Srinagar and said "we have only come to help Kashmir to throw infiltrators out and once peace is restored, the Indian army will leave." And they never did.
Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first Prime Minister, initially, seemed sincere towards Kashmir but the caucus of harldliner Hindu fundamentalist forces around made him think otherwise, in this connection Pandit Nehru, in the Lok Sabha (Parliament) on June 26 and August 7, 1952 said: "I say with all respect to our Constitution that it just does not matter what your Constitution says; if the people of Kashmir do not want it, it will not go there. Because what is the alternative? The alternative is compulsion and coercion..." "We have fought in good about Kashmir on the field of battle... (and) ...in many a chancellery of the world and in the United Nations, but, above all, we have fought this fight in the hearts and minds of men and women of that State of Jammu and Kashmir. Because, ultimately - I say this with all deference to this Parliament - the decision will be made in the hearts and minds of the men and women of Kashmir; neither in this Parliament, nor in the United Nations nor by anybody else."
In a telegram sent to British Prime Minister Clement Attlee on October 25, 1947 Pandit Nehru wrote:
Another telegram sent to Liaqat Ali Khan, first Prime Minister of independent Pakistan on October 31, 1947, Pandit Nehru stated "Our assurance that we shall withdraw our troops from Kashmir as soon as peace and order are restored and leave the decision about the future of the State to the people of the State is not merely a pledge to your government but also to the people of Kashmir and to the world"
A speech delivered on All India Radio on November 2, 1947, Nehru catagorically stated that"We have declared that the fate of Kashmir is ultimately to be decided by the people. That pledge we have given, and the Maharaja has supported it, not only to the people of Jammu & Kashmir, but also to the world. We will not and cannot back out of it. We are prepared when peace and law have been established to have a referendum held under international auspices like the United Nations. We want it to be a fair and just reference to the people and we shall accept their verdict".
In a public meeting in Srinagar (capital city of Kashmir State) on June 4, 1951; Nehru said "Kashmir is not the property of India or Pakistan. It belongs to Kashmiri people. When Kashmir acceded to India we made it clear to the leaders of Kashmir that we would ultimately abide by the verdict of their plebiscite. If they tell us to walk out, I would have no hesitation in quitting Kashmir. We have taken the issue to the UN and given our word of honour for a peaceful solution, as a great nation. We have left the question of a final solution to the people of Kashmir and we are determined to abide by their decision".
Pandit Nehru on July 6, 1951 had this to say about India´s relation vis-a-vis Kashmir. "People seem to forget that Kashmir is not a commodity for sale or to be bartered. It has an individual existence and its people must be the final arbiters of their future" and further stated, "If we did anything of the kind our government would not last many days and there would be no peace....it would lead to war with Pakistan because of public opinion here and of war-like elements coming in control of our policy."
´And of course, her special relationship with Pandit Nehru was very useful for him – ever the pragmatist – because there were moments towards the end of our time in India when the Kashmir problem was extremely difficult. Pandit Nehru was a Kashmiri himself, so he was emotional about the problem. If things were particularly tricky my father would say to my mother, ‘Do try to get Jawaharlal to see that this is terribly important.
Legendary Tibetbaqal M. A
In good old days of late fifties and sixties, the Bakshi era, Nehru's dream come true situation. Muhammad Abdullah Tibetbaqal the legendary maestro performing on Santoor in Moghul garden Nishat Bagh. Pandit Nehru enjoying, amongst a visible majority of Pandit community. Maestro playing sufiana music on Santoor reminding the dignitary not to forget and betray his own roots.
Lal Bahadur Shastri and Ayub Khan in Tashkant
Another opportunity provided by mediation of Soviet Union on January 10, 1966 to solve Kashmir dispute was not to be as untimely death of Indian Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri came as a rude shock. Like Pandit Nehru, Prime Minister Shastri's death in Tashkant was termed as "mysterious".
M A Jinnah and Pandit Nehru
The first Governor General of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, though in chair, had no leverage on his Pakistan army commander-in-chief General Douglas Gracy who preferred to follow orders from his erstwhile British-Indian Viceroy Lord Mountbatten and was in direct liaison with Indian commander-in-chief General Lockhart. Whatever happened vis-a-vis Indian military intervention or Pathan invasion, the British commanders discharged their duties to suit the British interests.
Jinnah labelled Nehru ´a Peter Pan´, a literary figure who should have been an English professor, not a politician, an arrogant Brahmin who covers his Hindu trickiness under a veneer of Western education´. [Freedom at Midnight]
Pandit Nehru hoodwinked Sheikh Abdullah and used his trickiness to make Sheikh believe that he was dealing with an honest statesman politician. Sheikh´s naivety cost Kashmir very dearly and suffered huge loses in men, material, culture and ethos. In May 1946, as leader of National Conference, launched a new slogan ‘Quit Kashmir’ that gave rejuvenated dimensions to the movement and this was the time when Indian struggle for independence was at its peak and emergence of Pakistan was seen as a reality. It seems Abdullah followed a pattern and took a cue from the forerunner leader of Indian independence movement Jawaharlal Nehru who in turn had calculated his infirmities and found him to be an asset in the forthcoming political scene after independence using him successfully to political advantage of India. The changed situation forced him to raise the slogan for an independent Kashmir and after UNO intervention, Dixon plan came to be discussed but again it did not carry on to a logical conclusion as pulls and pressures from Indian lobbies changed Abdullah’s outlook and forced him to make a U-turn on his earlier stand.
Sheikh Abdullah, Gaffar Khan and Pandit Nehru
A sinister conspiracy hatched in early 1940´s by the trio Gandhi, Patel using the services of crafty Pandit Nehru to hoodwink, mesmerise, tall naives Sheikh Abdullah and Khan Gaffar Khan of NWFP to fall into a trap of idealism, secularism and a mirage called "Indian democracy". The serene environ of Gulmarg, Kashmir was chosen to sedate the credulous and gullible to inflict pain on simmering Baloachistan and Kashmir.