Dust of the land embodying embers of Chinar, impossible not to retain the sacred flame.
The most powerful force in the world today is neither communism, nor capitalism, neither the H bomb nor the guided missiles. It is man´s eternal desire to be free and independent. President John F. Kennedy (1957)
President Donald Trump like his predecessors made the official stand on Kashmir policy known that Kashmir needs a solution keeping in view the volatility of the political situation in the South East Asian region. The approach to the problem seems to be guided by strategic and economic concerns and a stress on resolving the issue through bilateral negotiations between India and Pakistan is the line that suits only India. President Trump, as stated by Vice-President Mike Pence, can use his “extraordinary skills” to reduce tensions, resolve the problem and mitigate the suffering of people of Kashmir. However, there is a consensus on international level that Kashmir is a nuclear flash-point and needs immediate attention.
President elect Barrack Obama calling Kashmir ´an interesting situation´ (October, 2008) said he was ready to explore US's role to devote serious diplomatic resources to get a special envoy in Indian sub-continent to figure out a plausible approach". (Daily Times)
The former US President, Bill Clinton could be chosen as a special envoy on Kashmir issue. He further stated that "Clinton had had an experience dealing with such problems. To substantiate his claim President Obama said that Clinton had played a vital role in ending the ´Kargil crises´ in Kashmir in 1999.
President Obama, as reported, remained optimistic about changing the regional dynamics, recognising that Kashmir was ´obviously a potential tar pit´ for American diplomacy. Kashmiris overwhelmingly felt encouraged by the optimism displayed by President Obama during his last phase of poll campaign, that if he won the election he would like to mediate between India and Pakistan to try to resolve the Kashmir issue.
"The longstanding US position on Kashmir is that the whole of the former princely state is disputed territory. The whole issue must be resolved through negotiations between India and Pakistan, taking into account the wishes of the Kashmiri people,"
[US Congressional Research Service (CRS)]
In his address to the United Nations General Assembly on September 27, 1993 President Clinton stated "Thus as we marvel at this era´s promise of new peace, we must also recognise that serious issues remain. Bloody ethnic, religious and civil wars rage from Angola to the Caucasus to Kashmir, as weapons of mass destruction fall into more hands, even small conflicts can threaten to take on murderous proportions". And on December 27, 1993 the Presidend added to state that "In order to face the dilemmas of a post-cold war global landscape, we all must look closely at our policies with regard to human rights. I am confident that we can bring about changes that are consistent with what the UN founders envisioned helping bring peace to Kashmir".
Stating an official position of US government on Kashmir the president Richard M. Nixon reiterated that "In order to avoid a potential nuclear conflict between Pakistan and India over Kashmir, we should urge New Delhi to end the massive violations of human rights by its security forces in the province and to negotiate an autonomy agreement with the Kashmiri leaders”.
On human right violations and the brute force used by Indian army in Kashmir the Vice-President AlGore stated that "The United States deplores the excessive use of force being employed against civilians in Kashmir; The United States urges the Government of India to reopen Kashmir to the media, to human rights organisations, and to the International Red Cross and other relief groups; the United States should provide humanitarian assistance to the civilians of Kashmir during the ongoing crises, and should encourage other governments to assist in relief efforts".
Throwing light on the plight of hapless Kashmiris, Ms Raphel stated "Let me clarify by saying simply we agree that the people of Kashmir have got to be consulted in any kind of final settlement in the Kashmir dispute, because we believe at this point there is no way that any resolution can be stable and lasting unless agreed to by the people of Kashmir. Asisstant Secretary further added "And what we have said to the Government of India is you need to make security forces accountable for their own behaviour. And making people disappear, encounter killings, extrajudicial killings, deaths in custody, all this stuff; frankly, there is no excuse for".
And on October 29, 1993 while stating the political status of Kashmir Ms Raphel further said "We view Kashmir as a disputed territory. We do not recognise, and that means we do not recognise that instrument of accession as meaning that Kashmir is forevermore an integral part of India. We are very concerned about Kashmir and the potential for instability in the region caused by the tensions over Kashmir between India and Pakistan. We view the whole of Kashmir as disputed territory, the status of which needs to be resolved".
U.S Representative for Indiana 5th congressional district recognizing Kashmir´s fundamental right to a plebiscite; stated "I believe that the people of Kashmir must be given a voice in their own future. For this reason, I introduced House Resolution 144, the “Freedom for Kashmir Resolution.” It calls on the President, the UN and the international community to use all possible measures to establish the conditions needed for a plebiscite. Whether the people of Kashmir wish to remain in India, join Pakistan, or become independent, the decision must be made by the people of Kashmir themselves. All the Kashmiris want is the opportunity to vote ".
United States Senator from Nevada on June 26, 1992 stressed that something must be done and in this regard he stated "Something has to be done. The Kashmiri people have suffered hardship, including torture, rape, and untold number of deaths, not to mention the destruction of their property and their economy. We here in the Senate must urge India to allow international humanitarian groups into Kashmir; we must urge India to allow foreign reporters into the area; and we must also urge India to allow a plebiscite so that the people of Kashmir may determine their own destiny".
American Ambassador to India, Loy Wesley Henderson (Aug 1947-April 1948), with his wife came to Kashmir to discuss further to find a solution and looked at the possibility for an independent Kashmir. Mr Henderson went back to Delhi and answering a question Loy said: "Nehru was irritated about our policies with respect to Kashmir. He felt that we were not cooperating, as we should with Indian efforts to retain all the areas of Kashmir that the Indian troops had occupied. Pakistan, unlike India, had tried to establish close friendly relations with the United States, and when the United States had responded in kind Nehru was not only displeased but caused vexation to the stand taken by U.S."
CREDIBILITY OF "INCREDIBLE INDIA"
International Forum for Justice and Human Rights:
- 5084 people have been arrested
- 500 have been detained under (Public Safety Act)
- 30 schools have been set ablaze in last five months
- 250 to 275 militants operating in the Valley
THE FACT OF THE MATTER IS
SIR OWEN DIXON
Proposals on overall plebiscite were rejected by Nehru on the grounds he recorded in his report. But he was in no doubt why they were put, as he mentioned privately in a letter: "If such a plebiscite were taken freely and fairly (India) would undoubtedly lose it." Bajpai agreed, expressing his ´personal view´.
"On 27th May, 1950, diplomat Chief Justice of Australia Sir Owen Dixon was appointed by UNO to negotiate a solution for carving out an independent Kashmir. From 1942 to 1944, Dixon took leave from his judicial duties while he served as Australia’s Minister (Ambassador)to the United States, at the request of the then Prime Minister John Curtin. Dixon was invited to act as official mediator between the governments of India and Pakistan over the disputed territory of Kashmir. His role was to continue conciliation talks between the two nations in the lead up to a proposed plebiscite to be put to the residents of Kashmir and to do this, Kashmir had to be given into the charge of UNO which it seems did not go very well with lots of interested parties and the proposal was scuttled once again. His role as mediator ended in October 1950, although he had left India in September frustrated with what he saw as an inability of the respective governments to negotiate. In the year 1950, the powers of the world were inclined and had agreed in principle to give guaranteed financial support and Dixon plan provided the corridor and an opportunity for an acceptable solution, agreeing to create an independent sovereign nation of Kashmir."
General Andrew McNaughton backed proposals of UN Security Council and in the Resolutions adopted on August 13, 1948 and January 5, 1949, McNaughton’s proposals contemplated an agreed program of progressive demilitarization on either side of the cease-fire line. Army withdrawal, disbandment and disarmament in such stages as not to cause fear to populace at any point. Governments of India and Pakistan to reach agreement by 31 January 1950 on progressive steps taken in reducing and redistributing the forces to the minimum level complete with the maintenance of security and of local law and order. India turned a deaf ear to all these efforts made on international level.
Canadian Conservative party Prime Minister Stephen Harper regards Kashmir as the unresolved issue and intensification of systematic human rights violations against civilians in Kashmir as a matter of concern. Harper government’s Foreign Minister John Baird stating Canada’s official position on Kashmir said “Ottawa takes the issue of a peaceful solution to the dispute seriously and continues to monitor the situation in Kashmir". Kashmir keeps its fingers crossed and watches the development of new Canada-India relationship closely to see how it affects Canada´s previous unstinting support for Kashmir.
British Philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian and social critic speaks on Kashmir and says "When one observes that the high idealism of the Indian government in the international matters breaks down completely with the question of Kashmir, it is difficult to avoid a feeling of despair".
William W Baker
"Locked in a death struggle for survival and the right of self-determination, this historic Valley of Beauty has become a Valley of Death! A country of thirteen million people, primarily Muslim inhabitants, face on a basis, the bullets and brutality of an occupation army of Indian Hindu soldiers. One is hard pressed to discover any comparable contemporary conflict capable of possessing an equal amount of naked brutality, inhumanity and intolerance as that experienced by the Kashmiri people over the past forty-seven years under occupation".
The ruling elite of India in the guise of "democracy" remote controlled by its formidable army guided by fascist ideology believe in greater India with expansionist designes to annex all neighbouring independent countries to realise the dream of ´Mahabharat´. There is hardly a country bordering it that has not been messed up with. In this connection Kashmir suffered the most and it is noteworthy that not a single country on international level considers Kashmir to be India´s internal matter or accepts the bogey called integral part.
Trifurcation of the State:
Following decades old Dixon Plan, some believe, can provide a lasting peace and a final solution to the vexed problem of Kashmir. India managed to do a huge damage to the very fabric of communal harmony and succeeded in dividing people sowing the seeds of regionalism. Kashmir has a long history of toleration, togetherness and hospitality irrespective of cast, colour or creed. Due to a different colour, language, features and culture; India found it difficult to change the demographic character of the valley and that is the reason India finally, in frustration, resorted to use of brute force to subjugate the people by hook or by crook. In the last twenty two years more than one hundred thousand people have been killed mercilessly, hundreds of women raped, thousands disappeared perished in Indian torture chambers and millions worth of property razed out of vengeance.
A G NOORANI
´Intellectual honesty and moral courage demand, instead, that all the truths should be faced boldly and treated as a challenge to diplomatic creativity and statesmanship. "Many of us think that it is rather disgraceful and does no credit to India that this matter should have dragged on... so long", Vallabhbhai Patel told Owen Dixon on July 30, 1950. Half a century has not wiped out that disgrace shared by leaders of India and Pakistan.´